The hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis
or HTPA axis
) is a complex set of direct influences and feedback interactions among three endocrine glands: the hypothalamus
, the pituitary gland
(a pea-shaped structure located below the hypothalamus), and the adrenal
(also called “suprarenal”) glands (small, conical organs on top of the kidneys).
The interactions among these organs constitute the HPA axis, a major part of the neuroendocrine system that controls reactions to stress and regulates many body processes, including digestion, the immune system, mood and emotions, sexuality, and energy storage and expenditure. It is the common mechanism for interactions among glands, hormones, and parts of the midbrain that mediate the general adaptation syndrome
While steroid hormones are produced mainly in vertebrates, the physiological role of the HPA axis and corticosteroids in stress response is so fundamental that analogous systems can be found in invertebrates and monocellular organisms as well.
The HPA, HPG, and HPT axes are three pathways in which the hypothalamus and pituitary direct neuroendocrine function.
The CHIROTHIN WEIGHT LOSS PROGRAM IN OUR OFFICE IS BEEN study and formulated to allow individuals to access these pathways to help lose weight, improve mood, and create greater senses of vitality.
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Dr. Edgardo R. Vargas, DC
Chiropractic, Weight Loss Consultant